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Diabetologia. 2000 Aug;43(8):995-9.

Association between microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene polymorphism and the biological features of liver steatosis in patients with type II diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Cardiovascular Hospital Louis-Pradel, Bron, France.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is frequent in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and can lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis. The interindividual variability in the occurrence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis suggests, however, a genetic modulation. Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is necessary for the assembly and secretion of VLDL and when the protein is not functional, such as in abetalipoproteinaemia, a steatohepatitis occurs. We therefore assessed the association between a functional polymorphism in the promoter region of MTP gene (-493 G/T) and the biological features of steatohepatitis in Type II diabetic patients.

METHODS:

We studied 271 patients with Type II diabetes. Determination of -493 G/T polymorphism was made by PCR-RFLP. Increased liver enzymes were used as surrogates of liver steatosis and alanine aminotransferase concentration was the outcome variable for the multivariate analysis. Liver ultrasonography was available for a subgroup of patients with newly diagnosed diabetes.

RESULTS:

The proportion of patients with increased alanine aminotransferase was higher in GG than in GT and TT subgroups (23%, 11% and 6%, respectively, p = 0.01). Additionally, patients with high alanine aminotransferase concentrations were more likely to be young (p = 0.01), male (p = 0.001), obese (p = 0.04) and have low HDL-cholesterol (p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, the MTP genotype was independently associated with alanine aminotransferase concentration (p = 0.0023) as well as sex and body mass index but not HDL-cholesterol.

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION:

The -493 G/T MTP gene polymorphism is associated with biological surrogates of steatohepatitis in patients with Type II diabetes. The G allele which is responsible for a decrease in MTP gene transcription is prone to increase the intrahepatic triglycerides content, conferring by this a genetic susceptibility for steatohepatitis.

PMID:
10990076
DOI:
10.1007/s001250051481
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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