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Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2000 Sep;17(6):475-82.

Parvovirus B19 infection reminiscent of myelodysplastic syndrome in three children with chronic hemolytic anemia.

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  • 1Department or Pediatric Hematology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Disease Centre, Ankara, Turkey.


The authors have seen transient pancytopenia with erythroid hypoplasia and striking trilineage myelodysplasia reminiscent of true myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in 3 children, 1 with thalassemia intermedia and the other 2 with previously undiagnosed hereditary spherocytosis. In these 3 children transient pancytopenia and myelodysplasia coincided with serological evidence of acute parvovirus-B19 (PV-B19) infection, strongly suggesting their relevance. It is of interest that these 3 cases were encountered within a period of 6 months. This might be an incidental event, but it might also be concluded that acute PV-B19 infection associated transient pancytopenia with morphological appearance of MDS may occur more frequently than reported in the literature. So, PV-B19-associated nonclonal MDS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of true clonal MDS.

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