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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Sep;162(3 Pt 1):1075-80.

Inhalant corticosteroids inhibit hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming-induced interleukin-8 and RANTES production by human bronchial epithelial cells.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. shuh@med.nihon-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Inhaled corticosteroids are widely used for the treatment of bronchial asthma, and a long-term treatment with inhaled corticosteroids is effective in preventing exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). We have previously shown that hyperosmolarity, and cooling and rewarming induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEC). However, the effect of inhalant corticosteroids on hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming-induced IL-8 and RANTES production has not been determined. To clarify these issues, we examined the effect of inhalant corticosteroids, beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), and budesonide (BUD) on hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming-induced IL-8 and RANTES production. The results showed that BDP and BUD inhibited hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming-induced IL-8 and RANTES production. Because our previous studies have shown that p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and c-Jun-NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) regulate hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming-induced IL-8 and RANTES production, we examined the effect of BDP and BUD on p38 MAP kinase and JNK activation. The results showed that BDP and BUD did not inhibit hyperosmolarity-induced and cooling-induced p38 MAP kinase and JNK activation. These results indicated that inhalant corticosteroids inhibited hyperosmolarity-, and cooling and rewarming-induced IL-8 and RANTES production; however, the mechanism of inhaled corticosteroid-mediated inhibition of hyperosmolarity-induced, and cooling and rewarming- induced cytokine production remains to be clarified.

PMID:
10988133
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.162.3.9911099
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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