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J Neurochem. 2000 Oct;75(4):1502-10.

BIT/SHPS-1 enhances brain-derived neurotrophic factor-promoted neuronal survival in cultured cerebral cortical neurons.

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Division of Protein Biosynthesis, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.


Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) activates a variety of signaling molecules to exert various functions in the nervous system, including neuronal differentiation, survival, and regulation of synaptic plasticity. Previously, we have suggested that BIT/SHPS-1 (brain immunoglobulin-like molecule with tyrosine-based activation motifs/SHP substrate 1) is a substrate of Shp-2 and is involved in BDNF signaling in cultured cerebral cortical neurons. To elucidate the biological function of BIT/SHPS-1 in cultured cerebral cortical neurons in connection with its role in BDNF signaling, we generated recombinant adenovirus vectors expressing the wild type of rat BIT/SHPS-1 and its 4F mutant in which all tyrosine residues in the cytoplasmic domain of BIT/SHPS-1 were replaced with phenylalanine. Overexpression of wild-type BIT/SHPS-1, but not the 4F mutant, in cultured cerebral cortical neurons induced tyrosine phosphorylation of BIT/SHPS-1 itself and an association of Shp-2 with BIT/SHPS-1 even without addition of BDNF. We found that BDNF-promoted survival of cultured cerebral cortical neurons was enhanced by expression of the wild type and also 4F mutant, indicating that this enhancement by BIT/SHPS-1 does not depend on its tyrosine phosphorylation. BDNF-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase was not altered by the expression of these proteins. In contrast, BDNF-induced activation of Akt was enhanced in neurons expressing wild-type or 4F mutant BIT/SHPS-1. In addition, LY294002, a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, blocked the enhancement of BDNF-promoted neuronal survival in both neurons expressing wild-type and 4F mutant BIT/SHPS-1. These results indicate that BIT/SHPS-1 contributes to BDNF-promoted survival of cultured cerebral cortical neurons, and that its effect depends on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway. Our results suggest that a novel action of BIT/SHPS-1 does not occur through tyrosine phosphorylation of BIT/SHPS-1 in cultured cerebral cortical neurons.

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