Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Res. 2000 Sep 1;60(17):4798-803.

Oxidants from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase are involved in triggering cell proliferation in the liver due to peroxisome proliferators.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599, USA.


It was shown that 4-chloro-6-(2,3-xylidino)-2-pyrimidinylthio acetic acid (Wy-14,643), a potent peroxisome proliferator, caused rapid oxidant-dependent activation of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) in Kupffer cells in vivo and activated superoxide production by isolated Kupffer cells. Here, we tested the hypothesis that NADPH oxidase (NADPH OX) is the source of oxidants increased by Wy-14,643. Indeed, both activation of NF-kappaB and increases in cell proliferation due to a single dose of Wy-14,643 (100 mg/kg) were prevented completely when rats were pretreated with diphenyleneiodonium (1 mg/kg), an inhibitor of NADPH OX. p47phox is a critical subunit of NADPH OX; therefore, p47phox knockout mice were used to specifically address the hypothesis of NADPH OX involvement. In livers of wild-type mice, Wy-14,643 activated NF-kappaB, followed by an increase in mRNA for tumor necrosis factor a. Importantly, these changes did not occur in p47phox knockouts. Moreover, when Kupffer cells were treated with Wy-14,643 in vitro, superoxide production was increased in cells from wild-type but not p47phox-null mice. Finally, when mice were fed a Wy-14,643-containing (0.1%) diet for 7 days, the increase in liver weight and cell proliferation caused by Wy-14,643 in wild-type mice was blocked in p47phox-null mice. Combined, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that Wy-14,643 activates NADPH OX, which leads to NF-kappaB-mediated production of mitogens that causes hepatocellular proliferation characteristic of this class of nongenotoxic carcinogens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center