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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Aug;82(5-6):480-6.

A short training programme for the rapid improvement of both aerobic and anaerobic metabolism.

Author information

1
Departamento de Ciencias Fisiologicas, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in aerobic and anaerobic metabolism produced by a newly devised short training programme. Five young male volunteers trained daily for 2 weeks on a cycle ergometer. Sessions consisted of 15-s all-out repetitions with 45-s rest periods, plus 30-s all-out repetitions with 12-min rest periods. The number of repetitions was gradually increased up to a maximum of seven. Biopsy samples of the vastus lateralis muscle were taken before and after training. Performance changes were evaluated by two tests, a 30-s all-out test and a maximal progressive test. Significant increases in phosphocreatine (31%) and glycogen (32%) were found at the end of training. In addition, a significant increase was observed in the muscle activity of creatine kinase (44%), phosphofructokinase (106%), lactate dehydrogenase (45%), 3-hydroxy-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (60%) and citrate synthase (38%). After training, performance of the 30-s all-out test did not increase significantly, while in the maximal progressive test, the maximum oxygen consumption increased from mean (SD) 57.3 (2.6) ml x min(-1) x kg(-1) to 63.8 (3.0) ml min(-1) x kg(-1), and the maximum load from 300 (11) W to 330 (21) W; all changes were significant. In conclusion, this new protocol, which utilises short durations, high loads and long recovery periods, seems to be an effective programme for improving the enzymatic activities of the energetic pathways in a short period of time.

PMID:
10985604
DOI:
10.1007/s004210000223
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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