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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 Jul-Aug;50(4):686-96.

[Antagonists of NMDA glutamate receptors selectively affect synaptic mechanisms of the nociceptive sensitization in the snail].

[Article in Russian]

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Anokhin Institute of Normal Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow.


The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor antagonists on the mechanisms of nociceptive sensitization were studied in LPl1 and RPl1 neurons of the semiintact preparation of a Helix lucorum snail. Application of sensitizing stimuli on the head part of the control preparation led to a depolarization of the membrane and increase in its excitability. A depression of responses of neurons evoked by tactile or chemical sensory stimulation during the short-term period and significant facilitation of responses during the long-term period of sensitization were observed. Sensitization performed under conditions of application of NMDA antagonists (AP5 or MK801) produced similar changes in membrane potential, membrane excitability, and neuronal responses evoked by tactile stimulation of the head or foot. However, the chemical stimulation of the head under these conditions evoked a significant depression of responses during the short- and long-term sensitization periods. The results suggest that the NMDA glutamate receptor antagonists selectively affect the plasticity induction mechanisms of the command neuron synaptic inputs, which mediate the chemical sensory stimulation from the snail's head.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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