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J Dairy Sci. 2000 Aug;83(8):1665-73.

Behavior of Brevibacterium linens and Debaryomyces hansenii as ripening flora in controlled production of smear soft cheese from reconstituted milk: growth and substrate consumption dairy foods.

Author information

1
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Laboratoire de Génie et de Microbiologie des Procédés Alimentaires (LGMPA), Thiverval-Grignon, France. mnoelle@platon.grignon.inra.fr

Abstract

Experimental cheeses inoculated with Debaryomyces hansenii and Brevibacterium linens were ripened for 76 d under aseptic conditions. Triplicate cheese-making trials were similar as a result of efficient control of the atmosphere. In all trials, D. hansenii grew rapidly during the first 2 d and then slowed, but growth remained exponential until d 10 (generation time around 70 h). Total cell counts were higher than the number of viable cells, and after 10 d they remained around 3 x 10(9) yeast/g of DM. This difference resulted from the nonviability of a fraction of D. hansenii. After d 15, the pH of the rind was close to 7, and B. linens grew exponentially until d 25 (generation time around 70 h). The growth rate subsequently decreased but remained exponential (generation time around 21 d). Cell counts of D. hansenii and B. linens were correlated with the environmental technical conditions. Total D. hansenii counts were also correlated with total B. linens counts. Viable B. linens counts were related to rind lactate, and total counts depended on rind pH, internal lactate, and D. hansenii viable counts. The internal pH of the cheese depended on lactate concentrations, whereas surface pH was related to internal lactose, temperature, and relative humidity. These results suggest a determining role of the diffusion of the carbon sources in the ripening of smear soft cheese.

PMID:
10984141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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