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J Food Prot. 2000 Sep;63(9):1262-7.

Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on Cryptosporidium parvum infectivity.

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University of South Florida, Department of Marine Science, St. Petersburg 33701, USA.


The incidence of foodborne disease outbreaks caused by contaminated low-pH fruit juices is increasing. With recent mandatory pasteurization of apple juice and the industry's concerns of food safety, fruit juice processors are showing more interest in alternative nonthermal technologies that can kill >99.99% of microbial pathogens present in foods. The association of the coccidian protozoan, Cryptosporidium, with diarrheal disease outbreaks from contaminated tap water and fruit juice raises a safety concern in the food and beverage industries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on C. parvum oocysts. Oocysts were suspended in apple and orange juice and HHP treated at 5.5 x 10(8) Pa (80,000 psi) for 0, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 s. Oocyst viability was assessed by excystation using bile salts and trypsin while the cell culture foci detection method was used to assess infectivity. Results indicated that HHP inactivated C. parvum oocysts by at least 3.4 log10 after 30 s of treatment. No infectivity was detected in samples exposed to > or =60 s of HHP and >99.995% inactivation was observed. This study demonstrated that HHP efficiently rendered the oocysts nonviable and noninfectious after treatment at 5.5 x 10(8) Pa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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