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Oral symptoms and signs in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A focus on diabetic neuropathy.

Author information

1
Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated oral disorders and compared the findings with the occurrence of neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

STUDY DESIGN:

Mucosal diseases, tooth loss, and temporomandibular joint dysfunction were examined in 45 patients with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus and in 77 control subjects. The occurrence of neuropathy was evaluated by neurophysiologic tests.

RESULTS:

Of patients with diabetes, 56% suffered from dry mouth and 18% from glossodynia; of controls, correspondingly, 36% and 7% (P <.05); 2 or more mucosal lesions were detected in 42% and 20%, respectively (P =. 008). Temporomandibular joint dysfunction was found in 27% of subjects with diabetes and in 16% of control subjects. Peripheral neuropathy was present in 42% of patients with diabetes and in none of the controls (P <.01), and autonomic parasympathetic neuropathy in 54% and 31%, respectively (P =.02). Peripheral and autonomic parasympathetic neuropathies were independent risk factors for tooth loss and temporomandibular dysfunction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Diabetic neuropathy was found to be associated with tooth loss and temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

PMID:
10982950
DOI:
10.1067/moe.2000.107536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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