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Epidemiol Infect. 2000 Jun;124(3):427-32.

Induction of immunological memory in UK infants by a meningococcal A/C conjugate vaccine.

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Manchester Public Health Laboratory, Withington Hospital, UK.


The induction of immunological memory to serogroup A and C polysaccharides in UK infants immunized with three doses of a meningococcal A/C oligosaccharide CRM197 conjugate vaccine was investigated. Forty UK infants vaccinated previously with three doses of a meningococcal A/C oligosaccharide-CRM197 conjugate vaccine at 2, 3 and 4 months of age, were revaccinated at a mean age of 145.6 weeks with either a 10 or 50 microg dose of licensed meningococcal A/C polysaccharide vaccine. Serogroup-specific antibody and serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) responses were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and serum bactericidal assays, respectively. Following challenge, anti-serogroup A and C polysaccharide antibody levels rose from pre-booster geometric mean concentrations (GMC) of 3.1 and 2.1 microg/ml respectively to 19.6 and 21.0 microg/ml 1 month post-booster. Serum bactericidal antibody geometric mean titres (GMTs) for serogroups A and C increased 156- and 113-fold from 2.1 and 7.1 pre-booster respectively to 327.4 and 800.7 post-booster. A serogroup A control group of 45 children received a 10 microg dose of licensed meningococcal A/C polysaccharide vaccine (with no prior history of serogroup A vaccination) had serogroup A SBA GMTs of 2.3 pre-vaccination rising to 8 post-vaccination with corresponding GMCs of 0.8 and 10.8 microg/ml. These rises in SBA following serogroup A/C conjugate vaccination are indicative of immunological priming.

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