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Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Sep 1;152(5):442-5.

Arthritis prevalence and place of birth: findings from the 1994 Canadian National Population Health Survey.

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Arthritis Community Research and Evaluation Unit, The Arthritis and Immune Disorder Research Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


This paper describes the prevalence of arthritis in Canadians by ethnic origin, including Asians, Europeans/Australians, and North American-born Canadians. Data for this study were derived from the 1994 Canadian National Population Health Survey, a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 39,240 persons aged 20 years and older. Arthritis was defined as a long-term health condition of "arthritis or rheumatism" diagnosed by a health professional. Place of birth was determined according to self-reported country of birth. Unconditional multiple logistic regression models were used to adjust for potential confounding effects. The crude prevalence of self-reported arthritis and rheumatism diagnosed by a health professional as a long-term condition for those aged 20 years and older in Canada was 14.2%. The age-sex adjusted prevalence by place of birth was 6.9% in Asians, 14.2% in Europeans/Australians, and 14.5% in North American-born Canadians. In the multivariate analyses using North America-born Canadians as baseline, the risk for arthritis (odds ratio = 0.56) was significantly lower in Asian-born Canadians after adjustment for age, sex, education, income, occupation, and body mass index.

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