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Oncogene. 2000 Sep 7;19(38):4385-95.

CAIR-1/BAG-3 forms an EGF-regulated ternary complex with phospholipase C-gamma and Hsp70/Hsc70.

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Molecular Signaling Section, Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, MD 20892, USA.


CAIR-1/BAG-3 forms an EGF-regulated ternary complex with Hsp70/Hsc70 and latent phospholipase C-gamma (PLC-gamma). The expression of CAIR-1, CAI stressed-1, was induced in A2058 human melanoma cells by continuous exposure to CAI, an inhibitor of nonvoltage-gated calcium influx. CAIR-1 sequence is identical, save 2 amino acids, to BAG-3 also cloned recently as Bis, a member of the bcl-2-associated athanogene family. We show that CAIR-1/BAG-3 binds to Hsp70/Hsc70 in intact cells and this binding is increased by short term exposure to CAI (P<0.007). CAIR-1/BAG-3 is phosphorylated in vivo in the absence of stimulation. Basal phosphorylation is inhibited by treatment with d-erythrosphingosine (d-ES), a broad inhibitor of the protein kinase C family. CAIR-1/BAG-3 contains several PXXP SH3 binding domains leading to the hypothesis that it is a partner protein of phospholipase C-gamma. PLC-gamma is bound to CAIR-1/BAG-3 in unstimulated cells. It is increased by CAI or d-ES (P=0.05) treatment, and abrogated by EGF (r2=0.99); d-ES treatment blocks the EGF-mediated dissociation. We show that CAIR-1/BAG-3 binds to PLC-gamma and Hsp70/Hsc70 through separate and distinct domains. Hsp70/Hsc70 binds to the BAG domain of BAGs-1 and -3. CAIR-1/BAG-3 from control and EGF-treated cell lysates bound selectively to the SH3 domain of PLC-gamma, but not its N-SH2 or C-SH2 domains. Confirming the SH3 interaction, PLC-gamma was pulled down by CAIR-1/BAG-3 PXXP-GST fusions, but GST-PXXP constructs confronted with lysates from EGF-treated cells did not bind PLC-gamma as was seen in intact cells. Hsp70/Hsc70 was brought down by the PLC-gamma SH3 construct equally from native and EGF-treated cells, but did not bind the PXXP construct under either condition. We propose that CAIR-1/BAG-3 may act as a multifunctional signaling protein linking the Hsp70/Hsc70 pathway with those necessary for activation of the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways.

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