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Oncogene. 2000 Aug 31;19(37):4255-62.

Autoamplification of apoptosis following ligation of CD95-L, TRAIL and TNF-alpha.

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Division of Pediatric Oncology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.


CD95-L, TNF-alpha and TRAIL are death-inducing ligands (DILs) which may signal apoptosis via crosslinking of their cognate receptors. The present study shows that treatment of cells with agonistic mAB alpha APO-1 (CD95), recombinant TRAIL or TNF-alpha leads to enhanced mRNA and protein expression of each DIL with concomitant death in target cells. Immunoprecipitation of CD95-L protein from supernatant as well as neutralizing antibodies suggest DIL proteins to be cooperatively acting mediators of these cytotoxic activity. Autoamplification of the death signal was blocked in cells with a defect in apoptosis signaling either due to a dysfunctional FADD molecule or to the failure to activate JNK/SAPKs. Phosphorylation and enhanced binding of cJun and ATF-2 to DIL promoters suggest JNK/SAPKs as activators of these transcription factors following death receptor triggering. In consequence, autocrine production of DILs allows the spread of death signals to sensitive target cells. Oncogene (2000) 19, 4255 - 4262.

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