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J Infect Dis. 2000 Oct;182(4):1070-6. Epub 2000 Aug 28.

Phase 1 trial of a single dose of recombinant human interleukin-12 in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with 100-500 CD4 cells/microL.

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Positive Health Program, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.


A phase 1 dose-escalation trial of a single subcutaneous dose of recombinant human (rh) interleukin (IL)-12 was conducted in medically stable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with 100-500/microL absolute CD4(+) T lymphocytes. Subjects at each dose level were randomly assigned (3:1) to receive rhIL-12 or placebo. Among the 47 subjects enrolled, rhIL-12 was well tolerated at doses of 3-300 ng/kg, but 4 of 5 subjects who received rhIL-12 at 1000 ng/kg had severe adverse events. Dose-related increases in serum interferon-gamma occurred after rhIL-12 administration at doses > or =30 ng/kg. There was no effect of rhIL-12 on plasma HIV RNA or absolute CD4(+) T cell counts. However, dose-related increases in absolute CD8(+) T and NK cells were observed in subjects assigned to rhIL-12 doses of 30-300 ng/kg. Single rhIL-12 doses of 30-300 ng/kg were well tolerated and had biologic activity that could potentially be of benefit in the treatment of HIV disease or its complications.

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