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Finding regulatory elements using joint likelihoods for sequence and expression profile data.

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Theoretical Biology & Biophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM 87545, USA.


A recent, popular method of finding promoter sequences is to look for conserved motifs upstream of genes clustered on the basis of expression data. This method presupposes that the clustering is correct. Theoretically, one should be better able to find promoter sequences and create more relevant gene clusters by taking a unified approach to these two problems. We present a likelihood function for a "sequence-expression" model giving a joint likelihood for a promoter sequence and its corresponding expression levels. An algorithm to estimate sequence-expression model parameters using Gibbs sampling and Expectation/Maximization is described. A program, called kimono, that implements this algorithm has been developed: the source code is freely available on the Internet.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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