Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cell Biochem. 2000 Jul;210(1-2):81-9.

Denervation provokes greater reductions in insulin-stimulated glucose transport in muscle than severe diabetes.

Author information

Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.


We have examined the independent and combined effects of insulin insufficiency (streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, 85 mg/kg i.p.) and reduced muscle activity (denervation) (7 days) on basal, insulin-stimulated and contraction-stimulated glucose transport in rat muscles (soleus, red and white gastrocnemius). There were four treatments: control, denervated, diabetic, and denervated + diabetic muscles. Contraction-stimulated glucose transport was lowered (approximately 50%) (p < 0.05) to the same extent in all experimental groups. In contrast, there was a much smaller reduction insulin-stimulated glucose transport in muscles from diabetic animals (18-24% reduction, p < 0.05) than in denervated muscles (40-60% reduction, p < 0.05) and in denervated + diabetic muscles (40-60% reduction, p < 0.05). GLUT-4 mRNA reduction was greatest in denervated + diabetic muscles (approximately -75%, p < 0.05). GLUT-4 protein was decreased (p < 0.05) to a similar extent in all three experimental conditions (approximately -30-40%). In conclusion, (1) muscle inactivity (denervation) and STZ-induced diabetes had similar effects on reducing contraction-stimulated glucose transport, but (2) muscle inactivity (denervation), rather than severe diabetes, produced a 2-fold greater impairment in skeletal muscle insulin-stimulated glucose transport.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center