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Cytokine. 2000 Sep;12(9):1430-6.

Differential regulation of macrophage CCAAT-enhancer binding protein isoforms by lipopolysaccharide and cytokines.

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Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3US, UK.


The regulation of the C/EBP family in macrophages by LPS and cytokines is of potentially crucial importance in several pathophysiological conditions. The action of LPS and three cytokines on the expression of C/EBP mRNA, protein and functional DNA binding activity in the murine J774.2 cell line was therefore studied. Exposure of the cells to LPS, IL-1, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha produced a reduction of C/EBP alpha mRNA levels and a corresponding increase in the expression of C/EBP beta and C/EBP delta. EMSA showed time-dependent changes in the DNA binding activity of individual C/EBP isoforms and demonstrated the participation of heterodimers between the different members in DNA-protein interactions. Additionally, mediator-specific changes in the kinetics and magnitude of C/EBP mRNA expression pattern and profile of DNA-protein interactions were observed. These studies provide novel insights into the potential mechanisms that may be responsible for the mediator-specific regulation of macrophage gene expression through the C/EBP family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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