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J Immunol. 2000 Sep 15;165(6):3284-92.

The primate lentiviral receptor Bonzo/STRL33 is coordinately regulated with CCR5 and its expression pattern is conserved between human and mouse.

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Molecular Pathogenesis Program, Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University Medical Center, and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, New York, NY 10016, USA.


Chemokines play necessary and important roles in regulating the trafficking of lymphocytes to intra- or interlymphoid tissues as well as to sites of inflammation. The complex migratory patterns of lymphoid lineage cells is governed by subset-specific expression of chemokine receptors and their access to specific ligands. Several chemokine receptors and chemokine receptor-like orphan receptors also serve, in conjunction with CD4, as coreceptors for infection by human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV and SIV). Here we show that the expression pattern of Bonzo/STRL33, an orphan SIV/HIV coreceptor, is highly restricted to the memory subset of T cells and is up-regulated upon stimulation of these cells with IL-2 or IL-15. Both the pattern and the regulation of Bonzo expression closely paralleled that of CC family chemokine receptors CCR5 or CCR6 and inversely correlated with CXCR4 expression. However, in striking contrast to CCR5, Bonzo expression was not down-modulated by PMA or mitogen stimulation of T cells. Targeted replacement of the Bonzo gene with a gene encoding green fluorescent protein in mice revealed that the expression and cytokine regulation of mouse Bonzo are comparable to those of its human counterpart. The similar expression and regulation patterns of Bonzo and the HIV coreceptor CCR5 may have implications for understanding the role of HIV/SIV receptors in viral evolution and pathogenesis.

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