Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Phytochemistry. 2000 Aug;54(7):667-80.

Differences in catalytic properties between native isoenzymes of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET).

Author information

  • 1The Edinburgh Cell Wall Group, Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, The University of Edinburgh, UK.


Four isoenzymes of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET; EC were isolated from sprouting mung bean seedlings (M35, M45, M55a, M55b) and two from cauliflower florets (C30, C45). Purification in each case was by ammonium sulphate precipitation, reversible formation of a covalent xyloglucan-enzyme complex, and cation-exchange chromatography. The isoenzymes differed in pH optimum (range 5.0-6.5), Km for the nonasaccharide XLLGol (Gal2.Xyl3.Glc3.glucitol) as acceptor substrate, ability to utilise diverse oligosaccharides as acceptor substrate, and ability to bind to carboxymethyl-cellulose (and thus possibly to other polyanions such as pectin in the cell wall). None of the isoenzymes was particularly cold-tolerant, unlike one XET (TCH4) of Arabidopsis. The two cauliflower isoenzymes had higher Km values for XLLGol (70-130 microM) than the four mung bean isoenzymes (16-35 microM). We suggest that this difference is related to the major roles of the XETs in these two tissues: integration of new xyloglucan into the walls of the densely cytoplasmic cauliflower florets, and re-structuring of existing wall material in the rapidly vacuolating bean shoots.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center