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DNA Cell Biol. 2000 Aug;19(8):475-85.

NFBD1/KIAA0170 is a novel nuclear transcriptional transactivator with BRCT domain.

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Division of Biochemistry, Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute, Japan.


The BRCT (BRCA1 C-terminus) superfamily includes a large number of nuclear proteins closely involved in DNA repair, recombination, and cell-cycle control. The human cDNA clone NFBD1 (previously designated KIAA0170) encodes a novel protein (2089 amino acids in length; calculated molecular mass 226,440 D) with possible BRCT domains at its carboxy terminus (amino acid residues 1894-2089). This gene product has been described as one of the BRCT superfamily proteins. However, its biological significance has been unclarified. Expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged full-length NFBD1 or a series of deletion mutants indicated that NFBD1 was localized to the nucleus in various mammalian cells, and a 197-amino acid segment near the amino terminus (amino acid residues 142-338) contained a nuclear targeting signal. In vitro DNA-binding experiments showed that the highly basic region of NFBD1 (amino acid residues 1841-1893) possessed DNA-binding activity. The region encoding amino acids 508-995 of NFBD1 fused inframe with GAL4 DNA-binding domain activated transcription in both yeast and mammalian cells, while the possible BRCT domains of NFBD1 failed to induce transcription in mammalian cells. Overexpression of antisense NFBD1 RNA in a p53-deficient human osteogenic sarcoma cell line (SAOS-2) resulted in remarkable suppression of SAOS-2 colony formation. These results suggest that NFBD1 is a nuclear transcriptional transactivator with possible BRCT domains and may contribute to cell growth control.

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