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Leuk Lymphoma. 2000 Sep;39(1-2):151-5.

Detection of immunoglobulin heavy chain genes rearrangements in B-cell leukemias, lymphomas, multiple myelomas, monoclonal and polyclonal gammopathies.

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University Hospital Benjamin Franklin, Department of Hematology, Oncology and Transfusion Medicine, Free University of Berlin, Germany.


Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based assays were found to be a realistic alternative to Southern blot hybridization for the assessment of clonal immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements. However, a comparison of the different PCR based studies reveals considerable variation in experimental design and marked differences in the reported results. This study compared different single- and double-step PCR assays relying on various FR3, FR2, FR1 and JH based primers for the detection of B cell clonality in acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL), non-Hodgkin's-lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma (MM), monoclonal gammopathies of unknown significance (MGUS) and three polyclonal gammopathies (PG). The highest monoclonality rate was observed using seminested CDR-III region amplification. This method achieved a monoclonal product in 6 of 13 pro-B ALL 21 of 29 c-ALL, 7 of 8 pre-B-ALL, 18 of 21 B-ALL, 14 of 17 B-NHL (intermediate or high grade) with bone marrow involvement, 0 of 9 B-NHL without bone marrow involvement, 9 of 9 low grade B-NHL (immunocytoma and including chronic lymphocytic leucemia), 13 of 19 MM, 2 of 9 MGUS, and 0 of 3 PG. Additional monoclonality was detected with nested CDR I PCR in 1 pro-B-ALL, 1 c-ALL, and 2 MM. CDR III IgH PCR has been confirmed as an efficient method for determining clonality in B-cell neoplasias. Some additional monoclonal products can be seen with CDR I-based PCR. Detection of monoclonality depends on the maturation grade of the neoplastic B-cell population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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