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Cancer Detect Prev. 2000;24(3):212-23.

A real-time one-step reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction method to quantify c-erbB-2 expression in human breast cancer.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Oncologie Moléculaire Humaine, Centre Oscar Lambret, Lille, France.

Abstract

We developed a real-time one-step reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method for the routine quantification of c-erbB-2 oncogene expression in breast cancer, using a 7700 ABI PRISM Sequence Detector System (Perkin Elmer-Applied Biosystems, Courtaboeuf, France). The real-time quantification of the polymerase chain reaction products is based on the TaqMan 5' nuclease assay. The optimal experimental conditions we determined were as follows: 6 mM MgCl2, 200 nM of fluorogenic probe, 200 nM of each primer, and 12.5 units MuLV reverse transcriptase. The GAPDH housekeeping gene was used for normalization of c-erbB-2 expression. In human breast cancer cell lines, the normalized expression of c-erbB-2 ranged from 8 x 10(-6) to 2,600 x 10(-6), the two highest values corresponding to the c-erbB-2 overexpressing cells MDA-MB-453 and SK-BR-3. In a series of 100 breast cancer samples, c-erbB-2 normalized expression was found to range from 0.4 x 10(-6) to 350 x 10(-6). A close correlation was observed between this real-time one-step quantitative RT-PCR method and both semiquantitative conventional RT-PCR (N = 22; r = 0.8543; P < .0001) and c-erbB-2 protein expression (p185) quantified by an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) (N = 27; r = 0.71; P < .0001). The current realtime RT-PCR assay is rapid, sensitive, and reproducible and appears particularly suitable to quantify gene expression in large series of samples.

PMID:
10975282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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