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J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2000 Sep;23(4):629-35.

Liquid chromatographic determination of urinary 6beta-hydroxycortisol to assess cytochrome p-450 3A activity in HIV positive pregnant women.

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1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Japan. masatoh@mail.hosp.tsukuba.ac.jp

Abstract

Assessing the activity of CYP3A4 is important for predicting the pharmacokinetic behavior of protease inhibitors in HIV positive patients, especially in pregnant women. The endogenous hormonal ratio of 6beta-hydroxycortisol (beta-OHF) to cortisol (F) in the urine is an index for metabolic enzyme activity of cytochrome p-450 (CYP) 3A4. Because the ratio is a unique way to assess the enzyme activity without using any exogenous probes for this isozyme, it is practical for use in pregnant women. In this paper, we describe a method using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for 6beta-OHF in urine from pregnant women to estimate the ratio of 6beta-OHF/F. Urinary 6beta-OHF was measured by using C18-cartridge solid phase extraction and isocratic HPLC. Aliquots (1 ml) of urine samples spiked with internal standard, 6beta-hydroxyprednisolone (6beta-OHPSL), were alkalinized with NaOH, then applied to C18-cartridges, which were washed with water and hexane and eluted with ethyl acetate. After the effluents were dried and reconstituted in 10% acetonitrile, the samples were analyzed by HPLC using an isocratic mobile phase (acetic acid/acetonitrile/50 mM potassium dihydrogenphosphate: 0.2/9/90.8; v/v) and ultraviolet detection at 245 nm. The recoveries of 6beta-OHF from C18 cartridges were 93.2 and 93.9% when the authentic 6beta-OHF was added to the urine sample at the concentration of 50 and 300 ng/ml, respectively. Intra- and inter-day variations estimated at concentrations of 113-674 ng/ml were 2.9-5.6 and 4.9-8.1%, respectively. The method was applied to morning urine samples collected from HIV-positive pregnant women managed with protease inhibitor containing anti-retroviral regimens.

PMID:
10975239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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