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Mol Microbiol. 2000 Sep;37(5):1116-32.

Regulation of the CYB2 gene expression: transcriptional co-ordination by the Hap1p, Hap2/3/4/5p and Adr1p transcription factors.

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Centre de Génétique Moléculaire, Laboratoire propre du CNRS associé à l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 91198 Gif sur Yvette, France.


Expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae nuclear gene CYB2 encoding the mitochondrial enzyme L-(+)-lactate-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (EC is subject to several strict metabolic controls at the transcriptional level: repression due to glucose fermentation, derepression by ethanol, induction by lactate and inhibition under anaerobic conditions or in response to deficiency of haem biosynthesis. In this respect, the data obtained from the transcriptional analysis of the CYB2 gene contribute to a better understanding of the control of mitochondrial biogenesis. In this study, we show that Hap1p is the main transcriptional activator involved in the control of CYB2 transcription. We found that Hap1p activity, known to be oxygen dependent, is effected by DNA-protein interaction with two binding sites present in the CYB2 promoter. Control is moreover dependent on carbon sources. This regulation by the carbon substrates is subordinate to the activity of the complex Hap2/3/4/5p, which counteracts the negative effect of the URS1 element. Finally, our results suggest that the Adr1p transcriptional activator is also required in CYB2 transcription control. This work provides new data which allows a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms implicated in the co-regulation at the transcriptional level of the genes encoding proteins involved in various aspects of oxidative metabolism.

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