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Glycoconj J. 1999 Oct;16(10):607-15.

A solid-phase glycosyltransferase assay for high-throughput screening in drug discovery research.

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GlycoDesign Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada.


Glycosyltransferases mediate changes in glycosylation patterns which, in turn, may affect the function of glycoproteins and/or glycolipids and, further downstream, processes of development, differentiation, transformation and cell-cell recognition. Such enzymes, therefore, represent valid targets for drug discovery. We have developed a solid-phase glycosyltransferase assay for use in a robotic high-throughput format. Carbohydrate acceptors coupled covalently to polyacrylamide are coated onto 96-well plastic plates. The glycosyltransferase reaction is performed with recombinant enzymes and radiolabeled sugar-nucleotide donor at 37 degrees C, followed by washing, addition of scintillation counting fluid, and measurement of radioactivity using a 96-well beta-counter. Glycopolymer construction and coating of the plastic plates, enzyme and substrate concentrations, and linearity with time were optimized using recombinant Core 2 beta1-6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (Core 2 GlcNAc-T). This enzyme catalyzes a rate-limiting reaction for expression of polylactosamine and the selectin ligand sialyl-Lewis(x) in O-glycans. A glycopolymer acceptor for beta1-6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V was also designed and shown to be effective in the solid-phase assay. In a high-throughput screen of a microbial extract library, the coefficient of variance for positive controls was 9.4%, and high concordance for hit validation was observed between the Core 2 GlcNAc-T solid-phase assay and a standard solution-phase assay. The solid-phase assay format, which can be adapted for a variety of glycosyltransferase enzymes, allowed a 5-6 fold increase in throughput compared to the corresponding solution-phase assay.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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