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Int J Exp Pathol. 2000 Aug;81(4):231-9.

Accumulation of amyloid-beta protein in exocrine glands of transgenic mice overexpressing a carboxyl terminal portion of amyloid protein precursor.

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Departments of Comparative Medicine; Medicine, Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.


Amyloid-beta protein (Abeta) and its precursor (betaPP) play important roles in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease and inclusion-body myositis. In humans, Abeta deposits are found in brain, skeletal muscle, and skin. Therefore, we have investigated possible Abeta deposits in multiple tissues of two transgenic mouse lines overexpressing the signal plus Abeta-bearing 99-amino acid carboxyl terminal sequences of betaPP under the control of a cytomegalovirus enhancer/beta-actin promoter. One of the lines developed Abeta-immunoreactive intracellular deposits consistently in the pancreas and lacrimal gland, and occasionally in gastric, DeSteno's, and lingual glands. Although the Abeta deposits increased during ageing and degenerative changes of the tissues were observed, little or no extracellular Abeta deposits were observed up to the age of 25 months. These lines of transgenic mice are useful for studying the molecular mechanisms of development and clearance of intracellular Abeta deposits.

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