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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Sep;23(3):396-403.

Exaggerated activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and altered IkappaB-beta processing in cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, and Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.


In cystic fibrosis (CF), inflammatory mediator production by airway epithelial cells is a critical determinant of chronic airway inflammation. To determine whether altered signal transduction through the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathway occurs in CF epithelial cells and results in excessive generation of inflammatory cytokines, we evaluated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced production of the NF-kappaB-dependent cytokine interleukin (IL)-8 and activation of NF-kappaB in three different human bronchial epithelial cell lines: (1) BEAS cells that express wild-type CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), (2) IB3 cells with mutant CFTR, and (3) C38 cells, which are "corrected" IB3 cells complemented with wild-type CFTR. Treatment of cells with TNF-alpha (30 ng/ml) resulted in markedly elevated NF-kappaB activation and production of IL-8 by IB3 cells compared with BEAS and C38 cells. Despite the differences in NF- kappaB activation, no differences in basal levels of IkappaB-alpha or TNF-alpha- induced IkappaB-alpha processing and degradation were detected among the cell lines. In contrast, the basal level of IkappaB-beta was increased in the IB3 cells. Treatment with TNF-alpha resulted in increased formation of hypophosphorylated IkappaB-beta and increased nuclear localization of IkappaB-beta in IB3 cells compared with the other cell types. These findings provide additional evidence of a dysregulated inflammatory response in CF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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