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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2000 Sep;279(3):F544-51.

Angiotensin II releases 20-HETE from rat renal microvessels.

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Department of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth WA 6847, Australia.


We studied hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) release in response to ANG II from preglomerular microvessels (PGMVs), the vascular segment governing changes in renal vascular resistance. PGMVs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats and incubated with NADPH and hormones at 37 degrees C. Eicosanoids were extracted, and cytochrome P-450 (CYP)-derived HETEs were purified and quantitated by negative chemical ionization gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. PGMVs produced primarily 20- and 19-HETEs, namely, 7.9 +/- 1.7 and 2.2 +/- 0.5 ng/mg protein, respectively. ANG II (5 nM) increased CYP-HETE release by two- to threefold; bradykinin, phenylephrine, and Ca(2+) ionophore were without effect. [Sar(1)]ANG II (0.1-100 microM) dose dependently stimulated 19- and 20-HETEs, an effect blocked by the AT(2)-receptor antagonist PD-123319 as well as by U-73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Microvascular 20-HETE release was increased more than twofold by the third day in response to ANG II (120 ng. kg(-1). min(-1)) infused subcutaneously for 2 wk; it was not further enhanced after 14 days, although blood pressure continued to rise. Thus an AT(2)-phospholipse C effector unit is associated with synthesis of a vasoconstrictor product, 20-HETE, in a key renovascular segment.

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