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J Med Chem. 2000 Aug 24;43(17):3209-17.

Conformationally constrained analogues of diacylglycerol (DAG). 17. Contrast between sn-1 and sn-2 DAG lactones in binding to protein kinase C.

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Laboratories of Medicinal Chemistry and of Cellular Carcinogenesis and Tumor Promotion, Division of Basic Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


In previous work, we have obtained potent protein kinase C (PK-C) ligands with low-namomolar binding affinities by constructing diacylglycerol (DAG) mimetics in which the sn-2 carbonyl of DAG was constrained into a lactone ring. An additional structural element that helped achieve high binding affinity was the presence of branched acyl or alpha-alkylidene chains. In the present study, the effects of similarly branched chains on a different lactone system, where the lactone carbonyl is now equivalent to the sn-1 carbonyl of DAG, are investigated. In this new lactone template, the two chiral centers must have the S-configuration for enzyme recognition. As with the sn-2 DAG lactones, the branched chains were designed to optimize van der Waals contacts with a group of conserved hydrophobic amino acids located on the rim of the C1 domain of PK-C. The acyl and alpha-alkylidene chains were also designed to be lipophilically equivalent (8 carbons each). Eight new compounds (7-14) representing all possible combinations of linear and branched acyl and alpha-alkylidene were synthesized and evaluated. The sn-1 DAG lactones were less effective as PK-C ligands than the sn-2 DAG lactones despite having a similar array of linear or branched acyl and alpha-alkylidene chains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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