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Endocrinology. 2000 Sep;141(9):3403-11.

The role of CBP in estrogen receptor cross-talk with nuclear factor-kappaB in HepG2 cells.

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Women's Health Research Institute, Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Inc, Radnor, Pennsylvania 19087, USA.


Functional interactions or cross-talk between ligand-activated nuclear receptors and the proinflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) may play a major role in ligand-mediated modification of diseases processes. In particular, the cardioprotective effects of estrogen replacement therapy are thought to be due in part to the ability of ligand-bound estrogen receptor (ER) to inhibit NF-kappaB function. In the current study 17beta-estradiol-bound ERalpha interfered with cytokine-induced activation of a NF-kappaB reporter in HepG2 cells. The estrogen metabolite, 17alpha-ethinyl estradiol, and the phytoestrogen, genistein, were also effective inhibitors of NF-kappaB activation, whereas tamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, and raloxifene were inactive. This inhibition was reciprocal, as NF-kappaB interfered with the trans-activation properties of ERalpha. Ligand-bound ERalpha did not inhibit NF-kappaB binding to DNA, but it did decrease the histone acetyltransferase activity required for NF-kappaB transcriptional activity. Coexpression of the transcription coactivator CREB binding protein (CBP), but not steroid receptor coactivator 1a, reversed the ERalpha-mediated inhibition of NF-kappaB activity. Mammalian two-hybrid experiments also revealed that ligand-bound ERalpha can interact functionally with CBP-NF-kappaB complexes. We suggest that CBP targeting by ERalpha results in the inhibition of NF-kappaB and may occur through formation of transcriptionally inert multimeric complexes that are dependent upon the nature of the ERalpha ligand.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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