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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Aug 28;275(2):532-7.

Isolation of novel mouse genes differentially expressed in brain using cDNA microarray.

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Biological Technology Laboratory, Helix Research Institute, 1532-3 Yana, Kisarazu-shi, Chiba, 292-0812, Japan.


The major issue in the post-genome sequencing era is determination of gene expression patterns in variety of biological systems. A microarray system is a powerful technology for analyzing the expression profile of thousands of genes at one experiment. In this study, we identified highly expressed genes in mouse brain using the cDNA microarray carrying 2304 cDNAs derived from oligo-capped mouse cDNA library. Nine genes were highly expressed in adult mouse brain compared to kidney, liver, and skeletal muscle. Tissue distribution analysis by reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that consistent with the microarray data, all of the selected 9 genes were predominantly expressed in the brain. A database search showed that 5 of the 9 genes, MBP, SC1, HiAT3, S100 protein-beta, and SNAP25, were previously known to be expressed at high level in the brain and in the nervous system. One gene was highly sequenced similar to rat S-Rex-s/human NSP-C, suggesting that the gene is a mouse homologue. The remaining three genes did not match to known genes in the GenBank/EMBL database, indicating that these are novel genes highly expressed in the brain. Taken together, our cDNA microarray system can be an excellent tool for identifying differentially expressed genes in mouse brain.

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