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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Aug 28;275(2):253-60.

Identification of the NAD(+)-binding fold of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase as a novel RNA-binding domain.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Chemistry, University Medical School of Pécs, Hungary. ENagy@intercell.co.at

Abstract

There is growing evidence that metabolic enzymes may act as multifunctional proteins performing diverse roles in cellular metabolism. Among these functions are the RNA-binding activities of NAD(+)-dependent dehydrogenases. Previously, we have characterized the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as an RNA-binding protein with preference to adenine-uracil-rich sequences. In this study, we used GST-GAPDH fusion proteins generated by deletion mutagenesis to search for the RNA binding domain. We established that the N-terminal 43 amino acid residues of GAPDH, which correspond to the first mononucleotide-binding domain of the NAD(+)-binding fold is sufficient to confer RNA-binding. We also provide evidence that this single domain, although it retains most of the RNA-binding activity, loses sequence specificity. Our results suggest a molecular basis for RNA-recognition by NAD(+)-dependent dehydrogenases and (di)nucleotide-binding metabolic enzymes that had been reported to have RNA-binding activity with different specificity. To support this prediction we also identified other members of the family of NAD(+)-dependent dehydrogenases with no previous history of nucleic acid binding as RNA binding proteins in vitro. Based on our findings we propose the addition of the NAD(+)-binding domain to the list of RNA binding domains/motifs.

PMID:
10964654
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2000.3246
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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