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Oncogene. 2000 Aug 17;19(35):4058-65.

The proto-oncogene c-Cbl is a positive regulator of Met-induced MAP kinase activation: a role for the adaptor protein Crk.

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Cancer Research Center, The Burnham Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California, CA 92037, USA.


Hepatocyte growth factor triggers a complex biological program leading to invasive cell growth by activating the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase. Following activation, Met signaling is elicited via its interactions with SH2-containing proteins, or via the phosphorylation of the docking protein Gab1, and the subsequent interaction of Gab1 with additional SH2-containing effector molecules. We have previously shown that the interaction between phosphorylated Gab1 and the adaptor protein Crk mediates activation of the JNK pathway downstream of Met. We report here that c-Cbl, which is a Gab1-like docking protein, also becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated in response to Met activation and serves as a docking molecule for various SH2-containing molecules, including Crk. We further show that Cbl is similarly capable of enhancing Met-induced JNK activation, and several lines of experimentation suggests that it does so by interacting with Crk. We also show that both Cbl and Gab1 enhance Met-induced activation of another MAP kinase cascade, the ERK pathway, in a Crk-independent manner. Taken together, our studies demonstrate a previously unidentified functional role for Cbl in Met signaling and suggest that Met utilizes at least two docking proteins, Gab1 and Cbl, to activate downstream signaling pathways. Oncogene (2000) 19, 4058 - 4065.

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