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Oncogene. 2000 Aug 17;19(35):4022-8.

Cell-cell adhesion-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of nectin-2delta, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule at adherens junctions.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine/Faculty of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Japan.


We have recently found a novel functional unit of cell-cell adhesion at cadherin-based adherens junctions, consisting of at least nectin, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, and afadin, an actin filament-binding protein which connects nectin to the actin cytoskeleton. Among the members of the nectin family, we have found here that nectin-2delta is tyrosine-phosphorylated in response to cell-cell adhesion. Expression of E-cadherin induced tyrosine phosphorylation of nectin-2delta, while disruption of cell-cell adhesion by an anti-E-cadherin antibody reduced the tyrosine phosphorylation of nectin-2delta. An inhibitor specific for Src family kinase or expression of Csk reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of nectin-2delta. In addition, Src kinase tyrosine phosphorylates the recombinant cytoplasmic region of nectin-2delta in vitro. The major tyrosine phosphorylation site of nectin-2delta was Tyr505 in the cytoplasmic region, because the mutant nectin-2delta, of which Tyr505 was replaced by Phe, showed a loss of tyrosine phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro. These results, together with our recent observations, indicate that the cadherin-catenin system and the nectin-afadin system are closely connected to each other. The cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion system may link to the activation of a Src family kinase, that is, at least in part, responsible for the tyrosine phosphorylation of the cytoplasmic region of nectin-2delta. Oncogene (2000) 19, 4022 - 4028.

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