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Psychopharmacologia. 1975;40(4):341-50.

Extrapyramidal reactions and amine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid during haloperidol and clozapine treatment of schizophrenic patients.


8 male schizophrenic patients participated in a double-blind, cross over study of the extrapyramidal side-effects of haloperidol and clozapine (acute dystonis, Parkinsonism and tardive dyskinesia), together with their effect on homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Haloperidol (9 mg/day) caused Parkinsonism, reduced tardive dyskinesias and increased the HVA concentration in the CSF. Clozapine (225 mg/day) had no effect on the neurological phenomena but reduced HVA and 5-HIAA concentrations in the CSF. During the discontinuation phase following the administration of haloperidol, tardive dyskinesia occurred or was aggravated; this did not occur after administration of clozapine. Accordingly, it is suggested that clozapine does not induce dopaminergic hypersensibility and, therefore, will not induce tardive dyskinesias.

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