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Prostate. 2000 Sep 15;45(1):51-7.

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in prostatic adenocarcinoma: correlation with tumor grading and combination endocrine treatment-related changes.

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Institute of Pathological Anatomy and Histology, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.



Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a ubiquitary cytokine whose expression has been investigated in tumors, showing a correlation between tumor aggressiveness and production of this protein by neoplastic cells. The aim of our study was to correlate MIF expression with tumor grade (Gleason scoring system) and histopathological changes after combined endocrine treatment (CET) of prostate adenocarcinoma.


We analyzed MIF immunoreactivity in 124 paired needle biopsies and radical prostatectomy specimens from 62 prostate cancer patients, of which 20 had been treated with CET.


In untreated prostates, MIF expression significantly correlated with tumor grading, being stronger in low-grade than in high-grade adenocarcinoma. In treated prostates, histopathological changes also correlated with MIF immunoreactivity, but not in a significant manner.


The results of the current study demonstrated that with histological dedifferentiation, prostate adenocarcinoma cells show a reduced MIF expression. This finding may be the consequence of a reduced MIF synthesis or the result of an enhanced and altered secretion by tumor cells into the surrounding stroma. The consequent abnormal interaction between MIF and environmental factors might influence tumor growth and diffusion. On the other hand, the minor but not significantly reduced MIF expression by tumor cells after CET seems to exclude a hormonal regulation of MIF secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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