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Cancer Lett. 2000 Oct 1;158(2):185-93.

Hypomethylation and overexpression of c-jun and c-myc protooncogenes and increased DNA methyltransferase activity in dichloroacetic and trichloroacetic acid-promoted mouse liver tumors.

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Department of Pathology, Medical College of Ohio, Health Education Building, 3055 Arlington Ave., Toledo, OH 43614-5806, USA.


Dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) are mouse liver carcinogens. Methylation of the c-jun and c-myc genes, expression of both genes and DNA methyltransferase (DNA MTase) activity were determined in liver tumors initiated by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea and promoted by DCA and TCA in female B6C3F1 mice. Hypomethylated and over-expression of c-jun and c-myc genes were found in DCA- and TCA-promoted liver tumors. DNA MTase activity was increased in tumors while decreased in non-involved liver. Thus, DCA- and TCA-promoted carcinogenesis appears to include decreased methylation and increased expression of c-jun and c-myc genes in the presence of increased DNA MTase activity.

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