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Enhanced mRNA expression of Th1 cytokines and IL-12 in active pulmonary sarcoidosis.

Author information

1
Third Department of Internal Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine. kenshin@jade.dti.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK:

Active sarcoidosis is considered to be a Th1 dominant condition. We examined whether Th1 cytokines are highly expressed at inflammed lesions of Japanese patients with sarcoidosis.

METHODS:

To investigate the mRNA expression of Th1 cytokines and IL-12 in sarcoid BAL cells, we used semiquantitative reverse transcription--polymerase chain reaction method.

RESULTS:

The mRNA expressions of Th1 cytokines (IFN-gamma and IL-2) in active sarcoid BAL cells were significantly elevated as compared with those in healthy volunteers. The proportion of positive IL-4 mRNA expression in sarcoid BAL cells was not significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers. Further, there was no significant difference in IFN-gamma mRNA levels between the groups positive and negative for IL-4 mRNA expression. Although the proportion of positive expression of IL-12 mRNA in active sarcoid BAL cells was not significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers, the group positive for IL-12 mRNA expression had significantly elevated levels of IFN-gamma mRNA than did the negative group.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results may indicate that IL-12 induces IFN-gamma expression and subsequent Th1 dominant condition in Japanese patients with sarcoidosis.

PMID:
10957763
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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