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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2000 Sep 1;16(13):1319-24.

Presence of diverse human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viral variants in Cameroon.

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HIV/AIDS and Retrovirology Branch, Division of AIDS, STD and TB Laboratory Research, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.


Phylogenetic analysis of the gp41 region of 123 HIV-1-seropositive specimens from Cameroon showed that 89 were subtype A (71% of these sequences were IbNg-like), 12 (10%) were subtype D, 11 (9%) were subtype G, 5 (4%; closely related to subtype F2) were subtype F, 1 was subtype H, 2 (1.6%) remained unclassifiable, while 3 were group O. Further analysis of the two unclassifiable specimens in gag(p24), pol(prot), and env (C2V3 or gp41) showed that one (98CM19) was a complex mosaic between subtype A in p24 and subtype J prot, and unclassifiable in env (C2V3 or gp41). The second, 98CM63, clustered distinctly from all known subtypes in p24, prot, C2V3, or gp41. 98CM63 clustered with a specimen from Cyprus and these two geographically and epidemiologically unlinked specimens, with their distinct clustering pattern, may represent a new subcluster of subtype A. In conclusion, these findings confirm the high HIV-1 genetic variability and further suggest the continuous appearance of new viral strains in this population.

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