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J Org Chem. 2000 Aug 11;65(16):4853-60.

Acid-promoted reactions of ethyl linoleate with nitrite ions: formation and structural characterization of isomeric nitroalkene, nitrohydroxy, and novel 3-nitro-1,5-hexadiene and 1,5-dinitro-1, 3-pentadiene products.

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Department of Organic and Biological Chemistry, University of Naples Federico II, Via Mezzocanone 16, I-80134 Naples, Italy.


The reaction of ethyl linoleate (1) with NO(2)(-) in different air-equilibrated acidic media resulted in the formation of complex patterns of products, some of which could be isolated by repeated TLC fractionation and were formulated as the nitroalkenes 2-5, the novel (1E, 5Z)-3-nitro-1,5-hexadienes 6/7, the novel (E,E)-1, 5-dinitro-1,3-pentadiene derivatives 8 and 9, and the nitro alcohols 10/11 and 12/13 by extensive GC-MS and 2D NMR analysis, as aided by 1D Hartmann-Hahn proton mapping experiments. Similar reaction of methyl oleate gave mainly nitroalkene (14/15) and allylic nitro derivatives (16/17). Formation of 2-13 may be envisaged in terms of HNO(2)-mediated nitration pathways in which regioisomeric beta-nitroalkyl radical intermediates derived from attack of NO(2) to the 1,4-pentadiene moiety of 1 evolve through competitive H-atom abstraction and free radical combination routes.

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