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J Med Chem. 2000 Aug 10;43(16):3074-84.

1-[4-(3-Phenylalkyl)phenyl]-2-aminopropanes as 5-HT(2A) partial agonists.

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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0540, USA.


Phenylalkylamines such as 1-(4-bromo-2, 5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOB; 1a) and its corresponding iodo derivative DOI (2) are commonly used 5-HT(2) serotonin agonists. Previous studies have established that the 2,5-dimethoxy substitution pattern found in these compounds is optimal for high affinity at 5-HT(2A) receptors and that substituents at the 4-position can modulate affinity over a wide range. We have previously shown, however, that when the 4-position is substituted with a 3-phenylpropyl substituent (i.e., 3), the compound binds with an affinity comparable to that of 1a but that it possesses 5-HT(2A) antagonist character. The present study examined the structure-affinity relationships of 3, and the results were very much unexpected. That is, the 2,5-dimethoxy substitution pattern of 3 is not required for high affinity. Either of the two methoxy groups can be removed without untoward effect on affinity, and relocation of the methoxy substituents actually enhances affinity by as much as an order of magnitude. None of the compounds displayed more than 20-fold selectivity for 5-HT(2A) over 5-HT(2C) receptors. In addition, several were demonstrated to act as 5-HT(2A) partial agonists. As such, the results of this study suggest that the structure-affinity relationships of phenylalkylamines as 5-HT(2A) ligands now be reinvestigated in greater detail.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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