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Biochemistry. 2000 Aug 29;39(34):10566-73.

Assembly of bacteriophage PRD1 spike complex: role of the multidomain protein P5.

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Institute of Biotechnology and Department of Biosciences, Viikki Biocenter, P.O. Box 56 (Viikinkaari 5), 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland.


The spike structure of bacteriophage PRD1 is comprised of proteins P2, P5, and P31. It resembles the corresponding receptor-binding structure of adenoviruses. We show that purified recombinant protein P5 is an elongated (30 x 2.7 nm; R(h) = 5.5 nm), multidomain trimer which can slowly associate into nonamers. Cleavage of the 340 amino acid long P5 with collagenase yields 2 fragments. The larger, 205 amino acid long C-terminal fragment appears to contain the residues responsible for the trimerization of the protein, whereas the smaller N-terminal part mediates the interaction of P5 with the pentameric vertex protein P31 (24 x 2.5 nm, R(h) = 4.2 nm). In addition, the presence of the N-terminal sequence is required for the formation of the P5 nonamer. The results presented here suggest that P5 and P31 form an elongated adaptor complex at the 5-fold vertexes of the virion which anchors the adsorption protein P2 (21 x 2.5 nm; R(h) = 4.1 nm). Our results also suggest that the P5 trimer forms a substantial part of the viral spike shaft that was previously thought to be composed exclusively of protein P2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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