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J Virol. 2000 Sep;74(18):8762-6.

Induction of mucosal homing virus-specific CD8(+) T lymphocytes by attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus.

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Divisions of Immunology, New England Regional Primate Research Center, Harvard Medical School, Southborough, Massachusetts 01772, USA.


Induction of virus-specific T-cell responses in mucosal as well as systemic compartments of the immune system is likely to be a critical feature of an effective AIDS vaccine. We investigated whether virus-specific CD8(+) lymphocytes induced in rhesus macaques by immunization with attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), an approach that is highly effective in eliciting protection against mucosal challenge, express the mucosa-homing receptor alpha4beta7 and traffic to the intestinal mucosa. SIV-specific CD8(+) T cells expressing alpha4beta7 were detected in peripheral blood and intestine of macaques infected with attenuated SIV. In contrast, virus-specific T cells in blood of animals immunized cutaneously by a combined DNA-modified vaccinia virus Ankara regimen did not express alpha4beta7. These results demonstrate the selective induction of SIV-specific CD8(+) T lymphocytes expressing alpha4beta7 by a vaccine approach that replicates in mucosal tissue and suggest that induction of virus-specific lymphocytes that are able to home to mucosal sites may be an important characteristic of a successful AIDS vaccine.

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