Send to

Choose Destination
Anticancer Res. 2000 Jul-Aug;20(4):2561-8.

Alkylator resistance in human B lymphoid cell lines: (1). Melphalan accumulation, cytotoxicity, interstrand-DNA-crosslinks, cell cycle analysis, and glutathione content in the melphalan-sensitive B-lymphocytic cell line (WIL2) and in the melphalan-resistant B-CLL cell line (WSU-CLL).

Author information

Paterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Hospital, Manchester, U.K.


Two human B lymphoid cell lines WIL2 (melphalan sensitive. ***IC50:8.57 +/- 1.08 mM) and WSU-CLL (melphalan resistant, ***IC50:223.18 +/- 6.45 mM) were used as models to study alkylator resistance in human lymphoid cells. Melphalan transport studies demonstrated decreased initial melphalan accumulation in WSU-CLL cells as compared to WIL2 cells. Lineweaver-Burk plots of the rate of initial melphalan uptake showed an approximately 3.5-fold decrease of Vmax in WSU-CLL cells as compared to WIL2 cells. Melphalan transport was inhibited by 2-amino-bicyclo[2,2,1] heptane-2-carboxylic acid(BCH) in both cell lines, indicating that the amino acid transport (System L, which is sodium independent and inhibited by BCH) is functional in these two cell lines. Only a minor degree of inhibition of melphalan transport was noted after sodium depletion (System ASC, which is sodium dependent and unaffected by BCH). Interstrand-DNA-cross-link formation showed a highly significant correlation with in-vitro cytotoxicity in both two cell lines. However, the melphalan concentration at which such interstrand DNA cross-linking occurred differed significantly when WIL2 cells and WSU-CLL cells were compared. The kinetics of interstrand-DNA-cross-link formation and removal following treatment with melphalan also differed significantly, with WSU-CLL cells, showing a much more rapid rate of removal of interstand DNA cross-links as compared to WIL2 cells. Cell cycle analysis showed that melphalan treatment resulted in the progressive arrest of the WSU cells in G1 and G2 phases. But WIL2 cells failed to enter G1 or G2 arrest after melphalan treatment, suggesting an increased rate of DNA repair occurring in melphalan-resistant WSU-CLL cells. There was no significant difference between the two cell lines in regard to either glutathione content or glutathione-S transferase activity. These findings indicate that multiple factors are associated with alkylator resistance in lymphoid cells including alteration of uptake, DNA repair and cell cycle progression. However no evidence for alteration in glutathione content and glutathione-S-transferase activity was found.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center