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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2000 Sep;44(9):2304-9.

Functional analysis of the active site of a metallo-beta-lactamase proliferating in Japan.

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1
Division of Microbial Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Japan.

Abstract

An R-plasmid-mediated metallo-beta-lactamase was found in Klebsiella pneumoniae DK4 isolated in Japan in 1991. The nucleotide sequence of its structural gene revealed that the beta-lactamase termed DK4 was identical to the IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase which was mediated by a chromosomal gene of Serratia marcescens TN9106 isolated in Japan in 1991 (E. Osano et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38:71-78, 1994). The dose effect of DK4 beta-lactamase production on the resistance levels indicated a significant contribution of the enzyme to bacterial resistance to all the beta-lactams except monobactams. The enzymatic characteristics of the DK4 beta-lactamase and its kinetic parameters for nine beta-lactams were examined. The DK4 beta-lactamase was confirmed to contain 2 mol of zinc per mol of enzyme protein. The apoenzyme that lacked the two zincs was structurally unstable, and the activities of only 30% of the apoenzyme molecules could be restored by the addition of 1 mM zinc sulfate. The substitution of five conserved histidines (His28, His86, His88, His149, His210) and a cysteine (Cys168) for an alanine indicated that His86, His88, and His149 served as ligands to one of the zincs and that Cys168 played a role as a ligand to the second zinc. Both zinc molecules contribute to the enzymatic process. Mutant enzymes that lack only one of these retained some activity. Additionally, a conserved aspartic acid at position 90 was replaced by asparagine. This mutant enzyme showed an approximately 1,000 times lower k(cat) value for cephalothin than that of the wild-type enzyme but retained the two zincs even after dialysis against zinc-free buffer. The observed effect of pH on the activity suggested that Asp90 functions as a general base in the enzymatic process.

PMID:
10952572
PMCID:
PMC90062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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