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Microbiol Res. 2000 Jul;155(2):113-21.

Effect of associative bacteria on element composition of barley seedlings grown in solution culture at toxic cadmium concentrations.

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All-Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology (ARRIAM), Saint Petersburg.


The response of barley seedlings to inoculation with associative rhizobacteria Azospirillum lipoferum 137, Arthrobacter mysorens 7, Agrobacterium radiobacter 10 and Flavobacterium sp. L30 was studied in hydroponic and quartz sand cultures in the presence of 50 microM CdCl2. Cadmium caused severe inhibition in the growth and uptake of nutrient elements by the plants. Inoculation with the bacteria slightly stimulated root length and biomass of hydroponically grown Cd-treated seedlings. The bacteria increased the content of nutrients such as P, Mg, Ca, Fe, Mn and Na in roots and or shoots of the plants grown in the absence of Cd. Positive changes in the element composition caused by the bacteria were less pronounced in Cd-treated plants, whereas the total amount of nutrients taken by the inoculated plants was generally increased significantly. The content of Cd in the inoculated plants was unchanged, except increased in roots upon addition of A. lipoferum 137. Inoculation did not affect the activity of peroxidase, alpha-mannosidase, phosphodiesterae, alpha-galactosidase, and concentration of sulfhydryl compounds used as biochemical markers of stress in plant roots. The results showed that associative bacteria were capable of decreasing partially the toxicity of Cd for the barley plants through the improvement in uptake of nutrient elements.

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