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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2000 Jun;19(6):477-80.

Use of the ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction to identify point mutations in extended-spectrum beta-lactamases.

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Institute of Microbiology, Kantonsspital Aarau, Switzerland.


The aim of this study was to detect point mutations in extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes in a background of wild-type (non-ESBL-producing) bacteria using a highly sensitive and specific method developed for this purpose. The ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction (LDR-PCR) method was used to test different ESBL-producing strains and clinical isolates for a specific point mutation in the bla SHV-ESBL gene (glycine to serine mutation at position 238) and was compared with the commercially available E test ESBL (AB Biodisk, Sweden). Nine of the 40 clinical isolates tested were positive for the bla SHV-ESBL point mutation when tested by the LDR-PCR method but negative when tested by the E test. In contrast to the E test or other molecular genetic tests, the LDR-PCR method is able to identify a single bacterium with a point mutation in a background of 100,000 wild-type (non-ESBL-producing) bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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