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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Aug;85(8):2744-7.

Insulin-like growth factor I is not a useful marker of prostate cancer in men with elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen.

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Department of Clinical Chemistry, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland.


High serum levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and low levels of IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) have been shown to correlate with increased prostate cancer risk. To evaluate this, IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were measured in serum from 665 consecutive men (179 with prostate cancer), aged 55-67 yr, with elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA; > or = 4 microg/L) in a screening trial. Men in the highest quartile of IGF-I levels had an odds ratio (OR) for prostate cancer of 0.50 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.26-0.97] when adjusting for serum IGFBP-3. IGFBP-3 itself was not significantly associated with prostate cancer risk (OR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.68-2.24). Prostate volume was larger in men without than in those with prostate cancer (P < 0.001), and after adjustment for prostate volume, the negative association between serum IGF-I and prostate cancer risk was no longer significant (OR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.28-1.16). In screen-positive men with elevated serum PSA, serum IGF-I is not a useful diagnostic test for prostate cancer, but it may be associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and enlargement.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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