Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2000 Sep 1;165(5):2410-4.

An essential role for the IL-7 receptor during intrathymic expansion of the positively selected neonatal T cell repertoire.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anatomy, Division of Immunity and Infection, Medical School, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Intrathymic T cell development is a multistage process involving discrete phases of proliferation as well as differentiation. From studies on IL-7 or IL-7Ralpha-deficient mice, it is clear that the IL-7 receptor (IL-7R) plays a critical role during the initial stages of intrathymic CD4-8- precursor development. In contrast, the role of IL-7R in later stages of thymocyte development are unclear. Here, we have used various approaches to investigate directly the role of the IL-7R in thymocyte positive selection and the recently described phase of postselection proliferation. First, we show that positive selection involves selective up-regulation of IL-7Ralpha- and IL-7Rgamma-chains, with the majority of CD4+ and CD8+ cells being IL-7R+. Second, MHC class II+ thymic epithelium-which drives postselection proliferation-expresses IL-7 mRNA. Finally, analysis of positive selection and postselection proliferation in thymocytes from IL-7Ralpha-/- neonates shows that positive selection occurs normally, whereas postselection expansion is drastically reduced. Thus, our data provide the first evidence that, as well as playing a role during early phases of thymic development, IL-7R mediates intrathymic expansion of positively selected thymocytes, which may aid in establishment of the neonatal peripheral T cell pool.

PMID:
10946265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center